Work together.Success together.
Media Center

Responsible for every customer, every product and every solution

Home > Media Center > Media Reports

Which Plants Can Be Used in the Forage Grass Pellet Production Line?

Date: 12/10/2020 08:59:35 From: wood-pellet-plant.com Clicks:

Kindly Reminder: If you are interested in our products, Please get in contact with us

Which plants can be used in the forage grass pellet production line? In 2019, China imported 1.6595 million tons of beef, using RMB 56.861 billion, and imported 392,300 tons of mutton, using RMB 12.819 billion. There is a lot of room for growth in consumption of beef and mutton in China, and raising cattle and sheep is still a good project for farmers to get rid of poverty and get rich.

Grass Pellet Production Line
Grass Pellet Production Line

At present, cattle and sheep breeding in China has entered two extremes: one extreme is the use of a large amount of feed to feed cattle and sheep. A pound of weight gain requires 5.5 to 5.8 kg of feed. A large amount of grain is used and the cost is high. However, coarse fodder such as straw and pasture has turned into cattle. Sheep’s snacks and snacks; the other extreme is the grazing of cattle and sheep on natural grassland, almost no feed is needed. The cattle and sheep eat weeds completely, and the fattening cattle and sheep are not nutritious, and the slaughter time is long. There is no future.

Both of the above models are wrong. This is why the cost of beef and mutton in China is high and the output is still not high enough. As a herbivorous livestock, cattle and sheep can use a large amount of straw and pasture that humans can not eat into meat and milk that can be eaten by humans. This is the biggest advantage of cattle and sheep breeding. To think well, cattle and sheep must eat pasture.

So now there are many feed factories investing in building factories, our common alfalfa pellet production line, pasture pellet production line, hops production line, hemp pellet production line and so on. There are several kinds of forage grasses that can be processed into feed pellets in China: white clover, red clover, and astragalus.

I. White Clover

1. Nutritional value and yield

There are more than 360 kinds of clover in the world and 8 kinds in China. South China is suitable for planting red clover-waterlogging and heat resistant, and north is suitable for white clover-high yield. White clover likes a warm and humid climate, the suitable temperature for growth is 19℃~24℃, and its heat resistance and cold resistance are moderate. The quantity of leaves is large, the grass quality is soft and the palatability is good. All kinds of livestock like to eat and grow under the forest.

White clover

2. Feeding method

It can be mowed for hay, green forage, silage, etc., or mixed with perennial ryegrass for grazing. In a certain area in Henan Province, cattle were raised on grass under mixed forest of white clover and ryegrass, all grazing, no supplementary feed, and daily gain of 0.9 kg.

3. Cultivation technology

① Sowing in late summer and early autumn is better, and the sowing rate is 1 kg/mu. Rhizobium seed dressing: 1 kg of white clover seeds, 100 g of rhizobia, 100 g of water, mix well, then add 1 kg of lime, 20 g of gum, and 50 g of water, and put them in a mixer to make pelleted seeds. Or 1 kilogram of white clover seeds, 10-20 clusters of rhizobia from 2 to 4 years old white clover, dissolve in 100 grams of water and mix well with the seeds.

White clover seeds and ryegrass are mixed at a ratio of 2:1, row spacing is 30 cm, and the sowing depth is 1 to 1.5 cm.

②The initial growth of field management is slow, and the competitiveness is strong in the future. Zhengzhou Animal Husbandry Specialty Experimental White Clover planted 1 square meter in the first year and grew to 40 square meters at the end of the second year, with one plant covering 100 square meters at most. Pull out tall weeds often, and mowing if there are too many weeds. Generally, cultivating management is not required. Fertilize and water the grass after harvesting.

4. Forage feeding

The yield of fresh grass per mu is 4000~6000 kg, which is equivalent to 1~1.5 tons of hay. An adult sheep eats 5 kg of fresh grass a day. One mu of forest grass can produce 3 adult sheep. If combined with processed straw, 3 adult sheep can be raised. Ewe with lamb. There are dozens of acres of grass planted under the forest, and a lawn mower and hay cutter can become a small farm, and one year's income is also acceptable.

II. Red Clover

1. Botany and biological characteristics

Red clover is a short-term perennial leguminous herb with a life span of 2 to 4 years in Henan, and can be extended to 8 years in some areas of Yunnan. Tap roots are 60-80 cm deep into the soil, and the root system is mostly 0-30 cm, with multiple nodules. Strong tillers, a single plant can branch 15 or more. The stem is drawn from the rhizome, round, hollow, and 50-140 cm high.

Red Clover

Like warm and humid climate, suitable temperature 15℃~25℃, resistant to low temperature above -10℃, not heat-resistant, stop growing above 35℃, not drought-tolerant, like clay soil containing calcium.

2. Nutritional value and yield.

There are more leaves before buds and fewer stems. The ratio of buds to stems and leaves is nearly 1:1, the flowering period is 1:0.65, and the blooming period is 1:0.46. Early mowing, the grass is tender and good quality.

Generally, the annual output of fresh grass is 6000 kg/mu. New Zealand’s most important leguminous forages, the annual dry matter yield per hectare is generally 9500-105000 kg (China's planting yield is generally higher than New Zealand, up to 26500 kg). Forage grass is very good for grazing. It is often mixed with white clover/ryegrass for grazing. Mixed grazing is used to reduce applause disease in cattle and sheep.

3. Cultivation technology

① Sowing is better in late summer and early autumn. Henan can not be lower than October 15, Henan can be pushed back to the east and south, and north and west. The sowing amount is 1 kg. Rhizobium seed dressing is the same as white clover.

Red clover seeds and ryegrass are mixed at a ratio of 1:1, row spacing is 20-40 cm, and the sowing depth is 1 to 2 cm.

②In the field management, the seedling stage can be cultivated for 1 to 2 times, and after every mowing, as long as the weeds are cleaned, there is no need to cultivate, and the soil compaction can be broken with nail-tooth harrows. The high temperature from July to August can lower the soil temperature by irrigation, which is conducive to summer and real-time control of pests and diseases.

Generally harvest 50~60 cm, and generally harvest three times before July; grow well after autumn. You can harvest 1~2 times before overwintering. The last harvest is in late October, so that the grass can grow to more than 5 cm before overwintering to survive the winter safely. .

4. Feeding method

It can be mowed for hay, green forage, silage, etc., or mixed with white clover and perennial ryegrass for grazing. The quality of grass meal is inferior to that of alfalfa. It cannot be used in poultry farming and pig farming is not affected. The effect of supplementing protein is the same as that of alfalfa.

Generally, it is good after harvesting-high yield. Grazing generally can use 65% to 80% of the grass growth, and harvesting can use more than 90%, or even 100%, so the amount of grass harvested is more than 1.5 times the amount of grazing cattle and sheep. China has more people and less land, so harvesting is good; New Zealand has a low population density and good grazing.

III. Astragalus Adsurgens

1. Botany and biological characteristics

Astragalus sativa is a perennial herb of the leguminous Astragalus genus. The plant height is 1 to 2 meters, and the roots are thick and long. The roots are 1 to 1.5 meters in soil. The lateral roots are developed. They are mainly distributed in the soil layer of 15 to 30 cm. The root width is 1.5 to 2 meters. There are a lot of nodules on the roots. The stems are 0.6-1.2 cm thick, clustered, and branched, usually 10 to 35, with hollow stems.

Astragalus Adsurgens

It has strong adversity resistance, wide adaptability, and has the characteristics of drought resistance, cold resistance, barren resistance, salt-alkali resistance, and wind-sand resistance. Like warm temperature, the fastest growth is at 20℃~25℃. It has strong cold resistance and can withstand -30℃ low temperature, which is stronger than alfalfa. Tolerant to shade and can grow in young forests and sparse forests.

2. Nutritional value and yield.

High protein content, complete amino acid composition, but lower nutritional value than alfalfa. Astragalus is a forage grass that contains nitro compounds and has a bitter taste. It is not fed alone for a long time. It is safe for ruminants and affects other animals. The diet for chickens should not exceed 6% and rabbits should not exceed 30%, which will affect growth, development and weight gain. .

Poor reproducibility, cut two crops a year when flowering is not long, forage or hay making, not suitable for grazing. In Inner Mongolia 2 years later, the rate is 3 to 5 tons/mu, and Henan is more than 5 tons to 10 tons/mu. The poor management will decline after 4 years.

3. Cultivation technology

①Before planting, prepare to apply planter fertilizer. Farmyard manure should be more than 3 tons. Plow the ground to be solid and empty, and apply herbicide. Rhizobium agent dressing is the same as white clover.

② Planting likes to be warm and cold-resistant, and can be planted throughout the year, usually in autumn. Seed dosage is 0.5 kg/mu, drill sowing is better, row spacing is 25-30 cm.

③ Management of slow growth in the seedling stage requires the application of herbicides. Adequate amount of water and fertilizer can increase the yield of forage, mowing around 1 meter. Drain water in time when water is accumulated.

4. Feeding method

Can not graze. The effect of all-fed cattle and sheep fed in the mowing house is good. The daily weight gain of the fattening calf is 0.8 kg and the lamb is 0.11 kg daily. Astragalus sativa and other gramineous grasses have a better effect on fattening cattle and sheep at a ratio of 3:1. With gramineous crop silage, it can improve its palatability.

The above is the article for you: Which Plants Can Be Used in the Forage Grass Pellet Production Line?. If you are interested in our products or project solutions, please contact us. We will give you the best product quality and the best price. Email: sales@cnrichi.cn

SEND INQUIRY

Here you can submit any questions and we will get back to you as soon as possible. We will not disclose the information you submit to anyone, please rest assured.

Your Name
Your E-mail*
Your Telephone
Product Name
If you need specific information about anything about our product, please write here!

Copyright© 2020 Richi Machinery. All rights reserved.     Site Map

0086-18574103366